Week 10 English 8 – Chapter 3 Part 1 Expressing Obligation and Prohibition

Good morning, students

How are you today? We hope you are always good at home. Well, students.. you have finished your chapter 2 of english materials. You have learned about Stating Ability and Expressing Willingness. Today, we will start our chapter 3. What is the material? Yup… we will learn Obligation and Prohibition

Stating OBLIGATION and PROHIBITION

(Kewajiban dan Larangan)

What is OBLIGATION?

“Obligation is the state of being forced to do something because it is your duty or because of a law or something which you must do because you have promised”. Jadi obligations adalah situasi dimana kita harus melakukan sesuatu karena itu adalah tugas kita atau yang kita janjikan karena sebuah aturan dan lain-lain.

Untuk mengungkapkan Keharusan kita bisa menggunakan

1. Have to / has to = harus

    • “have to” merupakan modal verb yang dipergunakan untuk menunjukan yang kita harus lakukan.
    • have to go to school at seven o’clock. (Kita harus berangkat ke sekolah pukul 7.)
    • We have to show ID cards. (Kita harus menunjukan kartu pengenal kita.)

Have to mengikuti subject I, YOU, WE, THEY

Has to mengikuti subject HE, SHE, IT

2. Must = harus

Didalam obligations kara “must” dipergunakan untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang harus dilakukan biasanya berhubungan dengan aturan.

    • All students must wear uniform. (Semua murid harus mengenakan seragam.)
    • You must speak louder. I can’t hear you. (Kamu harus berbicara lebih keras. Saya tidak dapat mendengarkanmu.)

 

What is  PROHIBITION?

“Prohibition is the act of stopping something being done or used, especially by law, or, a law or rule that stops something being done or used”. Jadi prohibitions adalah tindakan menghentikan sesuatu yang sedang dilakukan atau digunakan, terutama oleh hukum.

Must not = tidak boleh/dilarang

  • You must not borrow more than four books at a time. (Kamu tidak boleh meminjam lebih dari 4 buku bersamaan.)
  • You mustn’t sleep here. (Kamu dilarang tidur disini.)

For further explanation, let’s watch these videos

Miss Hana

Miss Novi

 

After watching the videos, try to check your understanding by doing the exercise below. 

Setelah menyelesaikan materi ini, tuliskan nama, nomer, dan kelas kalian di kolom komentar di bawah ini ya… Jika kalian mempunyai pertanyaan terkait materi ini kalian juga bisa menuliskannya di kolom komentar  dengan menyebutkan nama dan kelas kalian.

Please, study again all English materials you have learned. You may watch again all the learning videos to remind your memory. Good luck for your Mid Semester Test next week students!

Well students, enough for the lesson today. Don’t forget to be happy, stay safe and healthy, and keep on studying. Goodbye…. See you next week!

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