PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

Present Perfect tense merupakan salah satu bentuk waktu(tenses) dalam Bahasa Inggris yang digunakan untuk menyatakan aktifitas atau kegiatan yang terjadi di masa lampau dan masih berpengaruh hingga sekarang.

Formula/Rumusnya:

(+) S + has/have + V3 + O …

(-) S + has/have + not + V3 + O …

(?) Has/have + S + V3 + O …

Has dan have merupakan auxiliary verb atau kata kerja bantu. Has dipakai untuk Subjek: He, she dan it. Have digunakan untuk Subjek: I, you, we, they. Kata keterangan waktu yang digunakan dalam tenses ini yaitu:

–      since (Sejak)

–      For (Selama)

–      Already (sudah: untuk kalimat affirmative/positive)

–      Not …… yet (belum/negative)

Sebelum mempelajari bentuk waktu ini kita perlu mengetahui bentuk kata kerja. Kata kerja(verb) dibagi menjadi 2 menurut perubahan bentuknya yaitu kata kerja beraturan(regular verb) dan kata kerja tak beraturan(Irregular verb).

Contoh Dalam kalimat:

  1. I have closed the door

(-) I have not closed the door

(?) Have I closed the door?

    Answer: Yes, I have atau No, I have not(haven’t)

  1. Susi has studied English for two hours

(-) Susi has not studied English for two hours

(?) Has Susi studied English for two hours?

     Yes, She has atau No, She has not(hasn’t)

  1. They have played Football since 9 a.m.

(-) They haven’t played football since 9 a.m.

(?)Have they played football since 9 a.m.?

    Yes, They have atau No, They haven’t

  1. He has already finished doing his project.

(-) He hasn’t  already finished doing his project.

(?) Has he finished doing his project?

     Yes, he has atau No, he has not

For further explanation you can watch these videos

Miss Hana

Mr Fauzan

Check your learning development of the Present Perfect Tense, by doing this following multiple choice questions! Good Luck!

Setelah menyelesaikan materi ini, tuliskan nama, nomer, dan kelas kalian di kolom komentar di bawah ini ya… Jika kalian mempunyai pertanyaan terkait materi ini kalian juga bisa menuliskannya di kolom komentar  dengan menyebutkan nama dan kelas kalian.

Well students, enough for the lesson today. Don’t forget to be happy, stay safe and healthy, and keep on studying. Goodbye…. See you next week!

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