Good morning, students

How are you today? We hope you are always good at home. Well, students.. you have learned two materials about label which are LABEL in general and NUTRITION FACTS.  Today, we are going to learn our last material in chapter 2. It is still dealing with label. The material is DRUG FACTS LABEL.



The Objectives of Study:

After learning, the students are supposed to be able to :

  1. Recognize the glossaries
  2. Tell what Drug Facts Label is
  3. Tell the importance
  4. Read the drug facts label properly

The Glossaries

  1. Drug/medicine obat
  2. Active Ingredients bahan utama
  3. Purpose tujuan
  4. Uses penggunaan
  5. Warning peringatan
  6. Direction petunjuk
  7. Other information infomasi lain
  8. Inactive Ingredients bahan tambahan
  9. Questions and Comments Pertanyaan dan Saran

What does Drug Facts Label means?

A drug label refers to all the printed information included with any dietary supplement, over-the-counter medicine, or prescription drug. The label tells you what the medicine is supposed to do, who should or shouldn’t take it, and how to use it

Label obat didefinisikan sebagai semua informasi yang tercetak pada bungkus obat yang berisi bahan-bahan yang digunakan, penggunaan, aturan dan cara penggunaan, siapa yang berhak mengkonsumsi, dsb.

Why is it important to read the label before taking any medicine?

Whether you’re using prescription medicines, over the counter products, sunscreens or supplements, reading the labels will make sure you’re using them properly and getting all of the benefits. It can also help prevent harmful side effects.

Sangat penting untuk membaca label obat terlebih dahulu sebelum mengkonsumsinya agar kita bisa menggunakannya dengan tepat sehingga memperoleh hasil yang optimal. Selain itu untuk menghindarkan kita dari efek samping obat yang mungkin berbahaya bagi kita.

How To Read a Drug Facts Label?

All over-the-counter (OTC) medicines contain a Drug Facts label on their outer package that tells you how, when, and how often to use a medicine. It also provides important information that is always presented in the same format.

There are 8 sections:

  1. Active Ingredients
  2. Purpose
  3. Uses
  4. Warning
  5. Direction
  6. Other information
  7. Inactive ingredients
  8. Questions and comments


Example of Drug Facts Label

What is the “active ingredient” section?

The “active ingredient” section lists the therapeutic substance or substances in an OTC medicine that make the medicine work. It is the active ingredient in a medicine that reduces fever, relieves cough, or steadies an upset stomach, for example. (Active ingredient berisi bahan utama pembuatan obat tersebut.) 

What’s the difference between brand name and generic medicines?

Medicines also have brand names and general (or generic) names. The generic names are the active ingredients in the medicine.

What is the “purpose” section?

The “purpose” section tells you what type—or category—of medicine it is, such as antihistamine, antacid, cough suppressant or in this case, acid reducer. (Purpose berisi tujuan pemakaian obat tersebut)

What are drug “uses”?

A medicine’s “uses” section refers to the desirable effects that active ingredients are likely to have and helps tell you what symptoms or illnesses you can expect the medicine to treat. (Uses adalah penggunaan. Uses menjabarkan secara rinci penggunaan obat seperti meredakan batuk berdahak, melegakan tenggorokan, dll)

What are drug “warnings”?

Just as active ingredients have desirable effects, such as symptom relief, they may also cause side effects or may be less safe under certain circumstances. The manufacturer tells you what to expect in the “warnings” section and when you should ask a doctor or other healthcare professional.

It is always important to review the drug warnings carefully so you do not take a medicine if you have a condition that might result in undesirable reactions. Also, it is important to be aware of potential side effects.

Warning berisi peringatan dalam penggunaan obat. Dalam bagian ini dijabarkan efek-efek samping yang mungkin timbul setelah mengkonsumsi obat atau kebutuhan untuk berkonsultasi kepada dokter terlebih dahulu.

What are drug “directions?”

The “directions” section contains instructions for the drug’s safe use. These instructions tell you exactly how and when to take a medicine, and you should follow them carefully so you take the right dose at the right time by the correct route (for example, eye drops should not be confused with ear drops).

Pada bagian ini berisi petunjuk pemakaian obat beserta dosis yang tepat berdasarkan usia pengguna.

What is the “other information” section?

Additional safety and storage instructions may be found in the “other information” section. Some active ingredients may be damaged by hot or cold temperatures or excessive moisture. So this section tells you about where and how to store the medicine such as keep it out of the reach and sight of the children.

Pada bagian ini berisi informasi tambahan mengenai aturan penyimpanan obat setelah dipakai. Contohnya agar obat disimpan pada suhu ruang atau agar dijauhkan dari jangkauan anak-anak.

What are “inactive ingredients?”

Inactive ingredients may be used to improve the taste or ease of use of the OTC medicine. This section includes important information especially if you a known allergy.

Bagian ini dijelaskan bahan-bahan tambahan dalam produksi obat. selain itu juga informasi bila muncul alergi.

What are questions and Comments?

This section tells you the toll-free number when you want to  ask questions or give comments to the med producer.

Watch this video for further explanation!

Mr. Fauzan

Miss Hana

For checking your understanding about this material, let’s do the exercise below!

Setelah menyelesaikan materi ini, tuliskan nama, nomer, dan kelas kalian di kolom komentar di bawah ini ya… Jika kalian mempunyai pertanyaan terkait materi ini kalian juga bisa menuliskannya di kolom komentar  dengan menyebutkan nama dan kelas kalian.

Well students, enough for the lesson today. Don’t forget to be happy, stay safe and healthy, and keep on studying. Goodbye…. See you next week with your 2nd English Test!

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